Photoshop

  1. Photoshop basics
  2. Opening images
    1. Open from photoshop
    2. Open from image folder
  3. Understanding the Interface
    1. Top: Main menu
    2. Left: Tools
    3. Bottom: View size
    4. Right: Panels and workspace selection
    5. Top second layer: tool options
  4. Customising Workspace and Panels
    1. Move panels
    2. Close panels
    3. Add new panels (Windows)
    4. Resize panels
    5. Save custom workspace
  5. Creating a new Photoshop project
    1. The welcome screen
    2. New project setting
    3. Notice the Background in Layers
  6. Placing Photos into Your Project
    1. Drag and drop image file from folder/finder
    2. Move the image around to position. Enter to confirm.
    3. Drag and drop another image file from folder/finder
    4. Resize the image with shift and alt-shift. Enter to confirm
    5. Select the first image from Layers panel
    6. Resize and Position the first image
    7. Check Show Transform Controls if cannot resize
    8. Open different types of files from folder/finder. PSD(direct),  JPG(right-click), Raw CR2/nef(Open Image from editor)
    9. Open different types of files from folder/finder into one single project as multiple layers
  7. Selecting, Zooming and Navigating Your Project
    1. Move Tool: Move the image around
    2. Check Auto-Select – Layers.
    3. Check Show Transform Controls
    4. Zoom Tool: + and -. (Shortcut: Alt to toggle)
    5. Hand Tool: Move around the project. NOT moving the image. (shortcut: Press and hold space bar)
    6. Use keyboard shortcuts for the tools. V, Z, and H.
  8. Photoshop layers panel
  9. Introduction to the Layers Panel
    1. Toggle layer visibility
    2. Move layers around
    3. Adjust Opacity. Click the word Opacity and drag left and right OR type in a new percentage number OR click the arrow to adjust a slider.
    4. Lock options
    5. Fill vs Opacity. Explore by adding a border/stroke. Double-click on a layer. OR click on FX below.
    6. Create a Group of layers. Activate the group button below.
    7. Link layers. Bottom button. Not the same as group because in group each layer can still be adjusted individually.
    8. Create a New Layer. Bottom button. Draw on it. Rearrange it.
    9. Explore History panel. Undo previous steps.
    10. Explore Filter by type. On top of layer panel. For finding layers.
  10. Using the Align Tools
    1. Method 1: Move objects to align
    2. Method 2: Use Move Tool alignment options in menu bar
  11. Stacking, Copying, and Deleting Layers
    1. Drag a layer up or down to reorder. Shortcut control+bracket left and right.
    2. Select a layer using alt+bracket left and right. Does not move the layer.
    3. Copy a layer by dragging the layer in the layer panel over the New Item button below (next to the trash can).
    4. Copy a layer by selecting the layer in the project, then click and hold the alt key till you see a double arrow. Then drag it to duplicate.
    5. Copy a layer by selecting the layer in the project or in the layer panel, and press Ctrl-J. (most efficient way)
    6. Delete a layer by selecting the layer in the project, then hit the keyboard Delete key.
    7. Delete a layer by selecting the layer in the layer panel and click on the trashcan icon.
    8. Delete a layer by selecting the layer in the layer panel and drag it into the trashcan icon.
  12. Merging Layers
    1. Select multiple layers in the layers panel by holding the control key or shift key.
    2. Right-click on the selected layers in the layers panel and choose Merge layers.
    3. Click on the panel options button in the layers panel and choose Merge layers.
    4. Undo the merged layers by pressing Ctrl-Z.
    5. Undo the merged layers by using edit – step backward.
    6. Merge layers downwards by pressing keyboard control-E.
    7. Merge layers using Merge Visible or press keyboard shift-control-E.
    8. Create a copy of merged layers by pressing keyboard alt-Control-E.
    9. As mentioned earlier, you can also Group or Link layers.
  13. Using layer masks
    1. Open an image in Photoshop as the background of a new project.
    2. Drag and drop the second image on to the new project. Press Enter to confirm.
    3. Select the second layer and press the Add Layer Mask button at the bottom.
    4. Select the Brush tool. Adjust the size and hardness from the brush tool panel or press Windows-alt (mac control-option) and move left-right for size and up-down for hardness.
    5. Set the foreground colour to black.
    6. Select the white layer mask thumbnail in the layers panel.
    7. Start painting on the image to create the mask.
    8. Switch the foreground colour to white and paint on the image to unmask.
    9. Observe the layer mask thumbnail. Black means you can see through the image.
  14. Exercise: Creating a nondestructive vignette.
    1. Open an image in the new project.
    2. Create a new layer.
    3. Select the elliptical marquee tool.
    4. Put your cursor in the centre of the image. Hold the ALT key and drag to draw an oval shape.
    5. Use the arrow keys to move the oval shape to the exact position.
    6. Change foreground colour to black.
    7. Go to the main menu and choose select-inverse.
    8. Press ALT-delete key.
    9. Click on the middle of the image to turn off the outline of the selection.
    10. Select the move tool.
    11. Go to the main menu and choose Filter-Blur-Gaussian blur.
    12. Adjust the radius of the blur and click ok.
    13. Lower the opacity a little bit.
    14. Resize and move the background image. Unlock it first.
    15. Change the vignette to white colour by selecting colour overlay in the layer style.
  15. The eraser tool.
    1. Open a new image.
    2. Select eraser tool.
    3. Adjust the size and hardness and start erasing.
    4. Add a gradient layer behind and start erasing.
    5. Note that you can undo but you cannot make changes after erasing. It is recommended to use layer mask as we went through earlier.
  16. Editing raw photos
  17. Camera raw basic adjustments
    1. Open a raw photo in camera raw editor.
    2. Explore the basic adjustment tabs on the right.
    3. Explore white balance color picker tool from the top.
    4. Adjust the slider with the mouse or use up-down arrow key or type in a number. Double-click on slider to reset.
    5. Adjust exposure and contrast. See the histogram. Use indicators in histogram.
    6. Adjust highlights, shadow, whites and blacks.
    7. Clarity. Make things look sharper.
    8. Vibrance and Saturation. They are nearly the same. They both increase the color saturation, but vibrance maintains skin color.
    9. Try Auto. Sometimes, it does a good job. Sometimes not.
  18. Camera raw editing tabs
    1. Tone Curve Tab
    2. Edit with a graph. The left side is for darker areas. The right side is for brighter areas.
    3. Under parametric tab. Adjust Highlight, Lights, Darks, and Shadows.
    4. Achieve an S curve.
    5. Under point option. Click on the line to create the S curve.
    6. Adjust individual color channel. RGB.
    7. Detail Tab
    8. Zoom in to a dark area to see the noise or grains.
    9. Drag up Noise Reduction – Luminance to smoothen the noise. The other settings under Noise Reduction can remain the same.
    10. Adjust the Sharpening setting to make things look sharper.
    11. HSL tab
    12. Hue, Saturation, Luminance
    13. Adjust specific colors and grey scale.
    14. Split Toning Tab
    15. Lens Correction Tab
    16. Effects Tab
    17. Camera Calibration Tab. Leave it at Adobe standard.
    18. Preset Tab. Save the settings that you have done in all the tabs. Use the same peset on other photos.
  19.  Camera Raw Top Tools
    1. Crop Tool. Click and hold to choose aspect ratio. Crop and Enter. Recrop by selecting the crop tool again.
    2. Straighten Tool.  Click and drag the horizon line to straighten.
    3. Transform Tool. Seldom use.
    4. Spot removal tool. Heal and Clone,
    5. Red eye removal tool.
    6. Adjustment Brush Tool. Hold ALT key to unbrush.
    7. Graduated Filter. Great for horizon shot.
    8. Radial Filter. Great for increasing sharpness of a face in a group shot.
  20. Saving images from Camera Raw
    1. See the before and after by clicking on the Y icon below
    2. Click save image. Choose destination. Select a file naming protocol, Document name will do. Choose format, most of the time its JPEG. Choose quality, typically 10, otherwise type in file size limit. Leave ColorSpace as Adobe RGB 8-bit. Choose image sizing, or leave it unchecked to remain the same size as the original. For resolution, use 72 pixels per inch for Internet Display, or 300 pixels per inch for printing. For output sharpening, leave it and checked, because likely you Will sharpen your image in the editor.
    3. Click save. Then go to your file location to check it.
    4. Click on open image button to bring the image to Photoshop for further editing.
  21. Exercise – Edit a Travel Photo
  22. A note about XMP file. Contains all the edits done on a raw file. If the XMP file is deleted, all the edits will be gone.
  23. UNDO IN CAMERA RAW EDITOR. Ctrl + Z for Undo, Redo is second Ctrl + Z, Step Backward Alt + Ctrl + Z and Step Forward Shift + Ctrl + Z.
  24. ===
  25. Editing Photos in Photoshop
  26. Basic Image Adjustments
    1. Open a jpg image
    2. Unlock it so it is not a background
    3. Go to the main menu. Select Image – Adjustments –
      1. Brightness and Contrast. Adjust. Uncheck preview to see the before and after.
      2. Levels
      3. Curves
      4. Hue/Saturation
      5. Vibrance
      6. Black and White
      7. Photo Filter
    4. NOTE: any adjustment made here is DESTRUCTIVE! Cannot be re-adjusted anymore. Use the method below for nondestructive edit.
  27. Non-destructive photo editing
    1. Open a jpg image
    2. Unlock it so it is not a background
    3. Make adjustments in the adjustments window on the right. It creates an adjustments layer in the layer panel. The adjustment layer will affect any image layer below it.
    4. Click on the eye icon to toggle the visibility of the adjustment.
    5. Click the half circle on the layer to re-adjust the adjustment.
    6. Add a new image below the adjustment layer to see the effect.
  28. Crop and straighten images
    1. Open a jpg image
    2. Unlock it so it is not a background
    3. Select Crop Tool. Select Ratio. Position the crop.
    4. Select straighten option. Draw on the horizon line to straighten.
    5. Press entered to confirm.
  29. Selection tools in Photoshop.
  30. The selection tools
    1. Open a jpg image
    2. Unlock it so it is not a background
    3. Marquee tool.
    4. Select rectangle marquee. Draw a marquee. Type control C to copy layer and Control V to paste. Toggle off the first layer.
    5. Select elliptical marquee. Draw on the image. Use arrow key to move. Hold shift to move faster.
    6. Lasso tool. Polygonal and magnetic.
    7. Draw a custom shape lasso.
    8. Quick selection tool (select same object automatically). Magic Wand (select same color).
  31. Refining the edge
    1. Use quick selection tool to select object
    2.  Press option to deselect
    3. Windows-alt to resize brush.
    4. Choose select and mask
    5. Turn on Edge detection Smart radius. Adjust radius.
    6. Refine with smooth, feather, contrast, shift edge
    7. Change the view mode to see the background
    8. Select okay.
    9. Copy and paste layer.
    10. At the solid white background using new fill or adjustment area. at The bottom,
    11. Create a quick vignette, with another solid color layer and brush out the mask.
  32. Select by colour range.
    1. Go To main menu choose the select colour range.
  33. Remote person from white background.
    1. Use a quick selection tool
    2. Click select and mask
  34. Dodge, burn, and sponge tools
  35. Intro to selective exposure and saturation adjustment
    1. Select Dodge tool. Paint on part the image to increase exposure. Hold alt to decrease exposure.
    2. Burn tool is the opposite of dodge tool
    3. Sponge tool affects saturation
  36. Non destructive dodge and burn
    1. Create a gray layer and use brush tool to paint. Blend mode overlay.
  37. Retouching photos
  38. Clone stamp tool
  39. The healing brush
  40. Red eye tool
  41. Remove pimples
  42. Whitening teeth
  43. Shapes in Photoshop
  44. Create custom shapes with pen tool
  45. Drawing a logo
  46. Blending modes
  47. What are blending modes
  48. Darkening blending modes
  49. Lightening blending modes
  50. Contrast, inversion, cancellation and component blending mode
  51. Adding and editing text
  52. The type tool
  53. Character and paragraph
  54. Warping Text
  55. Adding Styles

 

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